Thursday, July 7, 2011

Chola Temples

Cholas built many temples all over Tamil Nadu.I am trying to map these temples with the Chola kings who built or rebuilt these temples based on the available inscriptions.

  • Thirupparaithurai Tharugavaneswarar, Trichy – Aditya Chola
  • Kumaravayalur Tirukattrali Parameswarar, Trichy – Aditya Chola
  • Thiruvidaimaruthur Mahalingar, Kumbakonam – Aditya Chola
  • Nemam Airavateswarar, Thanjavur – Aditya Chola
  • Thillaisthanam Neyyadiappar, Thanjavur – Aditya Chola
  • Thiruchottruthurai Othavaneswarar, Thanjavur – Aditya Chola
  • Thirupponthuruthi Pasbavaneswarar, Thanjavur – Aditya Chola
  • Thiruvedikudi Vedapureeswarar, Thanjavur – Aditya Chola
  • Thirupazhanam Abathsahayeeswarar, Thanjavur – Aditya Chola
  • Kudanthai Nageeswarar, Kumbakonam – Aditya Chola
  • Thiruvayaru Panchnadeeswarar, Thiruvaiyaru – Aditya Chola
  • Thirukattalai Sundreeshwarar, Pudukottai – Aditya Chola
  • Thirukattupalli Agneeshwarar, Thiruvaiyaru – Aditya Chola
  • Keelayur Thenvayil Sreekoil, Nagapattinam – Aditya Chola
  • Lalgudi Sapthareeshwarar, Lalgudi, Trichy – Aditya Chola
  • Thirupurambiyam Satchinathar, Kumbakonam – Aditya Chola
  • Thiruerumbiyur Erumbeeswarar, Thiruverumbur, Trichy – Aditya Chola
  • Thiruchendurai Chandrasekarar, Trichy – Aditya Chola
  • The Ranganatha Temple at Srirangapatnam, Mandya district, Karnataka - Aditya Chola I
  • Nageswaran Temple, Kumbakonam - Aditya Chola I
  • Thirukadambatturai Udaiya Mahadevar (Matsyapurisvarar temple), Tudaiyar, Trichy - Aditya Chola I
  • Uyyakondan Thirumalai Ujjivaneeswarar, Trichy - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Nangavaram Sundareeswarar, Trichy - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Andanallur Thiru Alanthurai Mahadevar or Vada Tirthanathar, Trichy - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Sithalingamadam Viyakrabatheeswarar, Villupuram - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Thiruvettriyur Adheepureeswarar, Chennai - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Madhuranthagam Sivan and Visnu koil, Kanchipuram - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Thiruvamathur Abirameswarar or Nandieswarar, Villupuram - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Kattumannarkudi Viranarayana Vinnagar, Chidambaram - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Erumbur Kadamabavaneeswarar, Cuddalore - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Cholapuram Sivan Koil, Perambalur - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Pullamangai Brahmapurirswarar,Papanasam, Thanjavur - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Thiruchennampoondi Sadayari, Thanjavur - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Thirunamanallur Tiruthondeeswarar, Tiruvannamalai - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Thiruvaduthurai Komuktheswarar, Nagapattinam - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Alambakkam Kailasanathar, Trichy - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Thirukandiyur Virattaneswarar, Thanjavur - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Thirupalthurai Adimuleswarar, Trichy - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Srinivasanallur Koranganathar, Musiri, Trichy - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Valikandapuram Valikandeswarar, Veppanthattai, Perambalur - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Thiruvalanchuzhi Temple, Tanjore District, Near Kumbakonam - Paranthaga Chola I
  • Tirumalpur, Vellore – Paranthaga Chola I
  • The Koranganatha Temple at Srinivasanallur near Thiruchirapalli – Paranthaga Chola I
  • Ponsei Nalthunaieswarar, Mayiladuthurai - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Perungudi Agastheeswarar, Trichy - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Konerirajapuram UmaMaheswarar, Mayiladuthurai - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Thirukodikaval Sivan Koil, Mayiladuthurai - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Karunthittaikudi Vasisteshwarar, Thanjavur - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Anangur Sivan Koil, Namakkal - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Thirunaraiyur Sithanathaswamy,Kumbakonam - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Courtallam Soleeswarar, Kanchipuram - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Koviladi Divyaganeeswarar, Trichy - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Thodaiyur Bishamanganeeswarar,Pudukottai - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Thirunageswararm Nageswarar, Kumbakonam - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Sembianmadevi Kailasanathar, Thiruvarur - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Thirukarugavur Sivan Koil, Thanjavur - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Govindaputhur Gangasadatharar, Ariyalur - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Kilapazhuvur Alandurayar, Ariyalur - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • Kodumbalur Thaligal, Pudukottai - Sundra Chola / Uthama Chola
  • The Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur - Rajaraja Chola I
  • Masilamaneeswarar temple, Utatur(Urrattur), Padalur, Trichy - Rajaraja Chola I 
  • Parameeswarar temple, Thirumangalam, Lalgudi, Trichy - Rajaraja Chola I
  • Kuganathaswamy Temple, Kanyakumari – Rajaraja Chola I 
  • Melpadi Samathi Koil, Vellore – Rajara Chola I
  • Narasimmaswamy, Ennairam, Villupuram – Rajaraja Chola I 
  • Kamarasavalli, Ariyalur – Rajaraja Chola I 
  • Adhi Lakshmi temple, Natham, Lalgudi, Trichy - Rajaraja Chola I and Kulothunga III 
  • Virinjipuram, Vellore – Rajaraja I and Kulothunga Chola I
  • Tiruvalisvaram temple near Tirunelveli – Rajaraja Chola I / Rajendra Chola I
  • Vaidyanatha Temple at Tirumalavadi – Rajaraja Chola I / Rajendra Chola I
  • Uttara Kailasa Temple at Thanjavur – Rajaraja Chola I / Rajendra Chola I
  • The Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram - Rajendra Chola I
  • Dharasuram,, Thanjavur – Rajendra Chola I 
  • Bala Subramaniyar Koil, Theni – Rajendra Chola I
  • Ramanatheeswarar koil, Esalam, Villupuram – Rajendra Chola I
  • The Airavatesvara(Raja Rajeswaram) Temple at Darasuram, Kumbakonam - Rajaraja Chola II
  • Apradeeswara Temple- Nagar, Lalgudi - Rajaraja Chola II
  • Karakoil at Melakkadambur - Kulothunga Chola I
  • Amirthakateshwarar Temple, Melakadambur, Chidambaram - Kulothunga Chola I
  • Kambhareeswarar Temple, Thirubuvanam, Thanjavur District -  Kulothunga Chola I
  • Tirupuvanam, Thanjavur – Kulothunga Chola I
  • Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval, Trichy - Kocengannan (Kochenga Chola)
  • Vekkaliamman Koil, Uraiyur, Trichy - Kochenga Chola
  • Agasteeswarar temple, Perungudi, Trichy - Sundara Chola
  • Nandhikeswarar, Thuriyur, Trichy - Sundara Chola
  • Achaleeswaram temple, Tiruvarur - Sembian Mahadevi, 10 the century
  • Tirunallam Temple(Gandaradityam) – Sembian Mahadevi
  • Kailasanathaswamy Temple, Sembianmadevi – Sembian Mahadevi
  • Vijayalaya Choleeswaram, Naaratahamalai, Pudukottai District - Rebuilt by Vijayalaya Chola I
  • Thiruvalithayam - Padi, Chennai - Rajaraja Chola III
  • Varadharaja Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram - Rajendra Chola II 
  • Muvar Koil, Pudukottai - Parantaka II
  • Kampaharesvara temple at Tribhuvanam near Kumbakonam - Kulothunga Chola III
  • Kailasmudaiyar temple, Cholamadevi, Thiruverumbur, Trichy - Virarajendra Chola
  • Patteswarar Temple, Perur, Coimbatore – Karikala Perivalanam 
  • Tirunageeswaram, Tanjavur – Gandaraditya Chola 
  • Maada Kovil, Uraiyur, Trichy – Sengan Chola 
  • Tirupachur, Tiruthani, Chennai – Karikalan Chola 
  • Thiyagarajar Temple, Tiruvarur - Muchukanta Chola
  • Sri Pundarikashan Perumal Temple, Thiruvellarai - Sibi Chakravarthy
  • Annamalaiyar Temple, Thiruvannamalai - 9th century Chola king
  • Erumbeeswarar temple, Thiruverumbur, Trichy - Early Chola kings 
  • Amaleesvarar Temple, Gopurapatti, Tiruvassi, Trichy - Early Cholas
  • Vada Tirthanathar temple, Andavanallur, Trichy - Early Cholas
  • Sundareswarar temple, Paluvur, Karur-Trichy road - Early Cholas
  • Ekambareswarar Temple, Chidambaram - Rebuilt by Chola kings
  • Kasi viswanathar temple, Thirupattur, Siruganur, Trichy - Unknown Chola king 
  • Muchukondeeswarar, Kodumbalur, Pudukottai – Unknown Chola king
  • Kangeeswarar Koil, Kangaya Nallur, Vellore – Unknown Chola king
  • Tiruvakarai, Villupuram – Unknown Chola King
  • Tiruvamathur, Villupuram – Unknown Chola King
  • Thirutanthoneeswarar, Uraiyur, Trichy – Unknown Chola king
  • Sri Ranganatha temple at Srirangam- Unknown Chola king according to Legend
  • Thayinum Nalla Iswaram - Aaragalur, Perambalur District, Near Arumbavur - Vana Kovaraiyan, A Chola subsidiary

23 comments:

  1. Good one. Appreciate your effort. One more to the list please.
    Vijayalaya Choleeswaram - at Naarathamalai, Perumbalur Dist, by Vijayalaya Cholan (probably it was started by the mutharayar king whom he overthrew and later Vijayalayar must have finished it)

    - Vinod S

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  2. Hi, Two more to the list.
    Kambhareeswarar Temple - @ Thirubhuvanam - built by Kulothunga Cholan III
    SaatchiNathar Temple - @ Thirupurambiyam - probably built by Adithya Chola

    - Vinod S

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  3. Hi Vinod,

    Thanks for your contribution. I researched some more and found that Kambhareeswarar Temple was built by Kulothunga I not III. I have not found any information specific to SaatchiNathar Temple. If you have any source which can verify about Saatchinathar temple, please let me know. Again I really appreciate your help.

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  4. please refer S R Balasubramaniam's series on chola temples for a ready reference

    rgds
    vj
    www.poetryinstone.in

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  5. Wonderful piece of information, thanks.

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  6. Thanks Vijay. I will do so.

    Thanks Shantiraju.

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  7. Very useful information on Chola period temples in South.

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  8. THIS IS REALLY A WONDERFUL RESEARCH. THESE TEMPLES ARE TO BE MAINTIAINED AS PER RULES OF AAGAMA SASTRS--LIKE DOING KUMBAPISHEKAM ONCE IN 12 YRS ETC. WITH THE PEOPLE WHO ARE NAASTHIKAS AS RULERS, HOW THIS IS TO BE DONE IS BIG QUESTION. THESE TEMPLES SHOULD BE HANDED OVER TO SOME HINDU ORGANISATION. GOVT CAN VERIFY ACCOUNTS AND DO AUDITING. BUT ACTUAL MAINTENANCE SHOULD BE WITH THE ORGANISATION.

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  9. Dear Raju,
    Good move and effort.
    SRKrishnamurthy

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  10. Good and useful collection. Are not the Sri Mathrubootheswarar Temple and Sri Naganatha Swami temple in Trichy relate to Chola period?

    pvvedu

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  11. thanks for the useful info.

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  12. Thank you all.@Vedanarayanan, I will check and update the post. Thanks again.

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  13. Sir, It is a good collection about the temples and the Chola kings who support them. One and all should know that most of the Hindu temples in this world either SIVA / VISHNU covered by THE GREAT CHOLA DYNASTY either directly or indirectly. THIER CONTRIBUTION TO THE HINDU CULTURE IS HIGHLY GLORIFIED AND UNACCOUNTABLE. AFTER ATTENDING MANY SEMINARS, TALKS, COMPUTER VISUAL PORTRAITS BY GREAT INDIAN ARCHIALOGISTS LIKE NAGASAMY, KODAVASAL BALASUBRAMANIAN, H.H SWAMI DAYANANDA SARASWATI I LEARNED THAT ALL THE GODS IN THE HINDU RELIGION WERE VERY MUCH ENJOYED AND TEMPLES WERE IN HIGH POSIION ONLY IN THE CHOLA PERIOD. WE ALL AS HINDUS SHOULD FOLLOW THE CHOLAS AND MAINTIAN ALL HINDU TEMPLES IN THE GOOD CONDITION WITHOUT FAIL. WHEN EVER I SAW A TALL AND HIGH GOPURAM OF THE TEMPLE I REMEMBER THE GREAT SERVICE OF OUR CHOLAS TO THE HINDUS ALL OVER THE WORLD.

    THANKS
    P.RENGAMANI

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  14. Atleast some 40,000 should be within the count. Let us all add to this list, what we see.
    Chandra

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  15. Thanks Chandra. There should be more temples to be added to the list. This is my small effort to collect as much information as possible and add to this list.

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  16. வணக்கம்
    வாழ்க நீவில் பல்லாண்டு தொடர்க தங்கள் பணி
    அன்புடன்
    நந்திதா

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  17. great list!! This and the long list of Thevaram Sthalam will really help in my search for beautiful murthis!

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  18. Thirutanthoneesvarar Kovil, South side of Salai Road, Uraiyur, Tiruchi c 885

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  19. Narthamalai is in Pudukkottai Dt., Kulathur Taluk

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  20. Thanks injamaven for your valuable input. I corrected to Pudukottai district. Could You give some details about Thirutanthoneeswarar Kovil in Uraiyur? I can not find anything. By the way I was looking for the details about this temple, and I found that Vekkaliamman temple was built by Gochnkanan Chola. Thanks again

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  21. I just looked again at your blog. To answer: Thirutanthoneeswarar K. has fine Bhutamalas, two gorgeous dvarapalakas [unfortunately painted bronze!] and a fine S. RshabhaArdhanareshwara at the west end of the temple. That's all I remember clearly. If you know Shriram Rajaram, he's been there too, and is from Thiruchi.
    It took 3 visits to Thiruchi to find it, almost noone knows of its existence. But we Found it 11/10!! yeahhhh!

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  22. OK..Injamaven.. I will update the list. Thanks.

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